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Memorable Manitobans: Samuel Hooper (1851-1911)

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Samuel Hooper
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Stone mason, architect.

Born at Hatherleigh, Devon, England on 1 October 1851, son of John and Susannah Hooper, brother of James Hooper, he started a career in his uncle’s office where he studied architecture. He came to Canada in 1869 and settled at London, Ontario where he was trained in stone carving and monument work. His family all went to England in 1878, but he returned to Canada in 1880.

He spent one year at Emerson and came to Winnipeg in 1881 where his first work was that of a monument designer and builder, in partnership with David Ede. In 1893, having studied architecture in England in the office of his uncle, who was Surveyor of the Duchy of Cornwall, he commenced practice at this profession and was working again at Winnipeg at least by 1901.

In 1904, he was appointed the first Provincial Architect of Manitoba, holding the position until his death, when he was succeeded by Victor Horwood. Around 1906, Hooper joined Charles Henry Walker to form the architectural firm of Hooper and Walker. The practice was dissolved by early 1909. He served as President of the Manitoba Association of Architects (1908).

In 1872, he married Jane Ferguson Simpson (1855-1942) with whom he had four children: John Simpson Hooper, Gertrude Hooper (1882-?, wife of Lee Higbee), Samuel Lawrence Hooper (1888-1919), and Nina Simpson Hooper (1893-1962, wife of Alfred J. Webb).

In the fall of 1911, he traveled to London, England to consult medical specialists and died there on 19 October 1911. His body was returned to Winnipeg for burial in the St. John’s Cathedral Cemetery.

Some of his architectural works in Manitoba included:





Volunteer Monument

Main Street, Winnipeg



Seven Oaks Monument

Main Street, Winnipeg



St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Cathedral (new facade)

353 St. Mary Avenue, Winnipeg



Bawlf House / Jasmin Apartments [Nicholas Bawlf]

11 Kennedy Street, Winnipeg


Demolished (November 1976)

Grain Exchange Building II

156 Princess Street, Winnipeg



Isbister School

310 Vaughan Street, Winnipeg



Western Building

90 Albert Street, Winnipeg



St. Mary’s Academy

550 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg



Victoria Hotel

First Avenue SW, Carman


Destroyed by fire (2002)

Knox Presbyterian Church

341 Eveline Street, Selkirk



Merchant’s Hotel

383 Eveline Street, Selkirk



Winnipeg Land Titles Building

Broadway at Kennedy, Winnipeg



Carnegie Library

380 William Avenue, Winnipeg



Morden Court House

Wardrop Street, Morden



Neepawa Land Titles Building

329 Hamilton Street, Neepawa



Marshall Wells Warehouse

136 Market Avenue, Winnipeg



Central Normal School

442 William Avenue, Winnipeg



Manitoba Agricultural College

Tuxedo Avenue, Winnipeg



Adelaide Block

103-111 Osborne Street, Winnipeg



Bardal Block

843 Sherbrook Street, Winnipeg



St. Boniface School No. 1188

St. Joseph Street, St. Boniface



International Order of Good Templars Hall

635 Sargent Avenue, Winnipeg



St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Chapel and Winter Vault

506 Osborne Street, Winnipeg



West Treherne School No. 537



Destroyed by fire (1958)

Garry Telephone Exchange Building

474 Hargrave Street, Winnipeg



Tache School

Kenny Street, St. Boniface


Demolished (1963)

Black Building (expansion)

80 Lombard Avenue, Winnipeg



Carnegie Library (addition)

380 William Avenue, Winnipeg



Industrial Training School

Portage la Prairie



Brandon Court House

1104 Princess Avenue, Brandon



Minnedosa Court House

70 Third Avenue SW, Minnedosa



Sherbrook Telephone Exchange Building

297 Sherbrook Street, Winnipeg



Vaughan Street Gaol (renovation)

444 York Avenue



Glenwood School

51 Blenheim Avenue, Winnipeg



Burrows Court

230 Salter Street, Winnipeg


Demolished (1980)

Cycel Court

193-197 Furby Street, Winnipeg



Brandon Asylum for the Insane

First Street, Brandon



St. Vital Municipal Hall

St. Mary’s Road, Winnipeg


Demolished (c1955)

Agricultural College Building

66 Chancellors Circle, Winnipeg



Agricultural College Powerhouse

33 Maclean Crescent, Winnipeg



Agricultural Engineering Building

96 Dafoe Road, Winnipeg



Engineering I Building

75B Chancellors Circle, Winnipeg



Horticulture and Biology Building

35 Chancellors Circle, Winnipeg



Tache Hall

150 Dafoe Road, Winnipeg



Principal’s Residence

177 Dysart Road, Winnipeg



See also:

Samuel Hooper, Dictionary of Canadian Biography XIV, 505-6.


“Tenders [Bawlf House],” Manitoba Free Press, 8 June 1897, page 5.

A History of Manitoba: Its Resources and People by Prof. George Bryce, Toronto: The Canadian History Company, 1906.

“Winnipeg’s big building development during 1908,” Winnipeg Tribune, 19 December 1908, page 26.

1911 Canada census, Automated Genealogy.

Who’s Who in Western Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Living Men and Women of Western Canada, Volume 1, edited by C. W. Parker, Vancouver: Canadian Press Association, 1911.

The Story of Manitoba by F. H. Schofield, Winnipeg: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1913.

“Samuel Hooper died in London,” Winnipeg Tribune, 19 October 1911, page 1.

“Samuel Hooper dies in England,” Manitoba Free Press, 20 October 1911, page 17.

“Nurses 4 of 1 family who die in 3 months,” Winnipeg Tribune, 9 January 1919, page 1.

“City architect dies in Alberta,” Winnipeg Tribune, 8 August 1940, page 3.

“Mrs. J. Hooper funeral held,” Winnipeg Tribune, 26 September 1942, page 24.

Obituary [Nina Webb], Dauphin Herald, 27 June 1962, page 4.

Pioneers and Early Citizens of Manitoba, Winnipeg: Manitoba Library Association, 1971.

Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by John M. “Jack” Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

Obituaries and burial transcriptions, Manitoba Genealogical Society.

Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada, 1800-1950 by Robert G. Hill, Toronto.

Obituaries and burial transcriptions, Manitoba Genealogical Society.

We thank Robert Hill and Murray Peterson for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 26 January 2022

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