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Memorable Manitobans: Thomas Alexander Crerar (1876-1975)

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Thomas Alexander Crerar
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Farmer, grain dealer, MP (1917-1921), MP (1926-1930), MP (1936-1940), MP (1940-1945), Senator.

Born in Molesworth, Huron County, Ontario on 17 June 1876, son of William and Margaret Crerar, in 1881 he came with his parents to Manitoba to a homestead near Portage la Prairie. Educated at local schools, Winnipeg Collegiate, and Manitoba College, he taught school for five years, farmed on land near Russell obtained from the Hudson’s Bay Company, and managed a grain elevator. On 21 January 1906, he married Jessie Hamilton of Solsgirth with whom he had a daughter, Dorothy Crerar (wife of Bernard Naylor). He was a member of the IOOF, serving as Noble Grand of the Russell lodge.

In 1907, he became a director of the Grain Growers’ Company, and was subsequently President until its merger with Alberta Farmers’ Cooperative Elevator in 1917 to form United Grain Growers, of which he became President. He was appointed Minister of Agriculture in the Union government of 1917, responsible for the Wartime Food Control Board, but resigned in 1919 to protest high tariffs. He continued as President and General Manager of United Grain Growers until 1929. He led the Farmers’ Progressive Party in the 1921 election, representing the moderates who wanted reform of the existing party system rather than a totally new political structure. He refused to join Mackenzie King’s government but also refused official Opposition status for the Progressives in 1921, and he resigned from the Progressive leadership in 1922. He joined the Liberal Cabinet as Minister of Railways and Canals in 1929 but was defeated in the 1930 election. Crerar returned to the House in 1935 and became the leading member of the Liberal Cabinet until the end of the Second World War, serving from 1935 to 1945 as Minister of Mines and Resources. He was also a member of the Cabinet war committee and Cabinet wheat committee from 1939 to 1945. He supported overseas conscription in 1944 and was appointed to the Senate in 1945, retiring in 1966.

He served as President of the Canadian Club of Winnipeg from 1928 to 1929, and a Director of the Great-West Life Assurance Company from 1928 to 1964. He was an Honorary Life Member of the Manitoba Club. He was the first politician awarded the Companion of the Order of Canada, and was inducted into the Manitoba Agricultural Hall of Fame. He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Manitoba (1954) and the Centennial Medal of Honour (1970) by the Manitoba Historical Society.

Crerar died at Victoria, British Columbia on 11 April 1975 and was buried in the Elmwood Cemetery. In 2004, he was selected as a Person of National Significance by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada but a commemorative plaque, to be erected in the Town of Russell, has yet to be presented.

His articles for the Manitoba Historical Society:

Silver Creek District in the Early Days
MHS Transactions, Series 3, 1955-56 season

See also:

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Crerar Plaque (Main Street, Russell, Municipality of Russell-Binscarth)

Commemorating Thomas Alexander Crerar (1876-1975) by Parks Canada
Manitoba History, Number 62, Winter 2009

The Honourable Thomas Alexander Crerar, Marquette Riding and the Union Government Election of 1917 by Foster J. K. Griezic
MHS Transactions, Series 3, Number 28, 1971-72 Season

T. A. Crerar: A Political Life by J. E. Rea (1997).

Sources:

Who’s Who in Western Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Living Men and Women of Western Canada, Volume 1, edited by C. W. Parker, Vancouver: Canadian Press Association, 1911.

The Story of Manitoba by F. H. Schofield, Winnipeg: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1913.

“Crerar former Portage resident,” Manitoba Liberal, 18 October 1917, page 6.

“Sen. Crerar dies after long career,” Winnipeg Free Press, 14 April 1975, page 1.

Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J. M. Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 10 September 2016

Memorable Manitobans

Memorable Manitobans

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