Manitoba Historical Society
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Memorable Manitobans: Mary Elizabeth Crawford (1876-1953)

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Mary Elizabeth Crawford
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Physician and surgeon, school medical inspector.

Born at Lancashire, England on 2 June 1876, daughter of Matthew Crawford and Mary MacWilliam, her father was a captain in the Merchantile Marine. After his death, his widow came to Ottawa where for a time she was Principal of the Presbyterian Ladies’ College. Dr. Crawford was educated at Ottawa Normal School and the University of Toronto. She taught school at Ottawa for a time.

After completing her medical course at Toronto, she interned at the West Philadelphia Hospital for Women and Children. She came to Winnipeg and practiced for eight years privately. She was appointed Chief Medical Inspector for the public schools of Winnipeg in 1909. She was a member of the Manitoba Medical Association, Alpine Club of Canada, and Women’s Canadian Club; a founding member and President of the University Women’s Club (1909, 1912-1913), and President of the International Association Women Physicians. She took an active part in the interest of women’s suffrage, and was President of Women’s Equality League. In 1913, her address was 31 Mortimer Place, Winnipeg. She retired in 1941.

She died at Invermere, British Columbia on 6 June 1953 and was buried in the Lake Windermere Cemetery.

See also:

54 West Gate: Stories of Ralph Connor House by the Heritage House Committee-Book Project Team. Winnipeg, Friends of Ralph Connor House Inc., 2005.


The Story of Manitoba by F. H. Schofield, Winnipeg: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1913.

Pioneers and Prominent People of Manitoba, Winnipeg: Canadian Publicity Company, 1925.

“Free Press Necrology Files,” Winnipeg Elite Study, G. Friesen Fonds, Mss 154, Box 15, File 16, University of Manitoba Archives]

“Dr. M. E. Crawford dies at coast, aged 77 years,” Winnipeg Free Press, 9 June 1953.

Obituary, Winnipeg Free Press, 9 June 1953.

We thank June Dutka for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 22 November 2015

Memorable Manitobans

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