Manitoba Historical Society
     Keeping history alive for over 143 years

Memorable Manitobans: Roland Fairbairn McWilliams (1874-1957)

Click to enlarge

Roland Fairbairn McWilliams
Click to enlarge

Lawyer, Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba (1940-1953).

Born at Peterborough, Ontario on 10 October 1874, he was educated at the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall (BA 1896, LLB, 1897). He was called to the Ontario Bar in 1899, and practised law in Peterborough from 1899 to 1910, also serving as Mayor in 1907. Arriving in Winnipeg in 1910, he practiced law in the firm of Aikins, McWilliams and Aikins until 1913, then with Thomson, Jameson and McWilliams until 1917, then founded his own firm. He was made a King’s Counsel in 1920, and retired from active law practice in 1950.

One of his major interests was the YMCA, of which he was Vice-President for North America (1923-1924), Chairman of the Canadian National Council (1922-1929), and a director for 25 years. He lectured in constitutional history and law at the Law School of Manitoba and wrote numerous articles on economics and social problems. He took an active part in town planning, serving as Chairman of Winnipeg’s Town Planning Institute (1925-1929).

A Liberal, he was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba in 1940 and served until 1953. A temperance man, he insisted that alcohol was not served at Government House under his regime. He and his wife Margaret S. McWilliams, after a visit in 1926, wrote Russia in 1926 (1927) and he wrote Does History Repeat Itself? (1932). He was a champion football player and later a canoeist. In 1945, the University of Manitoba awarded him an honorary doctorate. In October 1953, following the death of his wife (with whom he had no children), he married Avis Birdina Maude Clark, who had lived with the couple for many years.

He died at Winnipeg on 10 December 1957 and was buried in the Kildonan Presbyterian Cemetery. His papers are at the Archives of Manitoba.


“Former Manitoba Lieut.-Governor dies at age of 83,” Winnipeg Free Press, 10 December 1957, page 5.

“Former Lt.-Gov's. widow dies,” Winnipeg Free Press, 24 April 1971, page 12.

Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by John M. “Jack” Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

We thank E. James Arnett for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 20 April 2022

Memorable Manitobans

Memorable Manitobans

This is a collection of noteworthy Manitobans from the past, compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society. We acknowledge that the collection contains both reputable and disreputable people. All are worth remembering as a lesson to future generations.

Search the collection by word or phrase, name, place, occupation or other text:

Custom Search

Browse surnames beginning with:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z

Send corrections and additions to this page
to the Memorable Manitobans Administrator at

Criteria for Memorable Manitobans | Suggest a Memorable Manitoban | Firsts | Acknowledgements

Help us keep
history alive!

MHS YouTube Channel

Back to top of page

For queries on the above page, please contact the MHS Webmaster.

Home  |  Terms & Conditions  |  FAQ  |  Contact Us  |  Privacy Policy  |  Donations

© 1998-2022 Manitoba Historical Society. All rights reserved.