Manitoba Historical Society
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Memorable Manitobans: James McDougall (1840-1915)

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James McDougall
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Fur trader.

He was born in Perthshire, Scotland, and received his primary education there. He was married twice. His first wife, whom he married in Aberdeen in 1877, died at Edmonton in 1883. In 1897 he married a daughter of Chief Factor John Tait.

He entered the service of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1862 and was sent to York Factory. In 1863 he was sent to the Mackenzie River District and spent the winter at Fort Yukon. He was given charge of the post at Fort Yukon in 1866, but the post was abandoned in 1869 when it was found to be in Alaska. From 1870 to 1875 he was posted at Fort Liard, from1875 to 1878 at Fort Vermillion and from 1878 to 1886 he was in charge of the Upper Peace River posts. From 1886 to 1890 he was in charge of the posts of the Athabasca District. He was promoted to junior Chief Trader in 1872, Chief Trader in 1873, Factor in 1879, and Chief Factor in 1887. In 1890 he became an acting inspector of the Company, and in 1894 was given charge of the Cumberland District.

From 1900 to 1910, the year he retired, he was in charge of the Norway House District. In retirement he lived at Winnipeg, Kamloops, and Victoria, where he died on 28 June 1915.


Pioneers and Early Citizens of Manitoba, Winnipeg: Manitoba Library Association, 1971.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 7 January 2017

Memorable Manitobans

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