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Historic Sites of Manitoba: York Factory Depot Building (Hayes River, Northern Manitoba)

From the founding of Port Nelson in 1682, the series of posts at the mouths of the Hayes and Nelson rivers played a major role in the operations of the Hudson’s Bay Company for 275 years. First a major fur trading post, then a base for expansion into the interior, York Factory eventually became the Company’s principal entrepot in the early 19th century. After almost 100 years of decline due to changes in the fur trade and its transport, York Factory was closed in 1957. Acknowledging its historical importance, the Company transferred the remains to the Government of Canada in 1968. A commemorative plaque was erected at the site in 1936 by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.

Depot Building, in centre, at York Factory

Depot Building, in centre, at York Factory (1870s)
Source: Hudson’s Bay Company Archives, 1987/363-Y-100/1-104.

Aerial view of the Depot Building and other outbuildings at York Factory

Aerial view of the Depot Building and other outbuildings at York Factory (1930s)
Source: Hudson’s Bay Company Archives, 1987/363-Y-100/1-104.

Map of York Factory showing positions of buildings (early 20th century)
Source: Archives of Manitoba, School District Formation Files [York Factory School District No. 1642], GR7825, E0033.

Depot building at York Factory (September 2006)
Source: Susan Hertam

Site Location (lat/long): N57.00271, W92.30443
denoted by symbol on the map above

See also:

York Factory on the Bay - Historic Post Closes by Malvina Bolus
Manitoba Pageant, Volume 3, Number 1, September 1957

Must York Factory Become a Ruin? by Betty Woods
Manitoba Pageant, Volume 7, Number 2, January 1962

York Factory National Historic Site by Lillian Stewart
Manitoba History, Number 15, Spring 1988

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada: Planning the Future for a Place with a Momentous Past by Kevin Lunn
Manitoba History, Number 48, Autumn/Winter 2004-2005

Historic Sites of Manitoba: York Factory Powder House (Hayes River, Northern Manitoba)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: York Factory Cemetery (Hayes River, Northern Manitoba)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Manitoba Plaques for Persons, Events and Sites of National Historic Significance

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Abandoned Manitoba

Sources:

School District Formation Files [York Factory School District No. 1642], GR7825, E0033, Archives of Manitoba.

We thank Susan Hertam and Bronwen Quarry for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 6 August 2017

Historic Sites of Manitoba

This is a collection of historic sites in Manitoba compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society.

Browse lists of:
Museums/Archives | Buildings | Monuments | Cemeteries | Locations | Other

Please note that inclusion in this collection does not mean that a particular site has special status or protection. Some sites are on private property and permission must be secured from the owner prior to visiting.

Site information is provided by the Manitoba Historical Society as a free public service only for non-commercial purposes.


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