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Memorable Manitobans: Louis Schmidt (1844-1935)

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Louis Schmidt
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Métis leader, MLA (1871-1874), MLA (1878-1879).

Born at Arthabaska Lake, North West Territories on 4 December 1844, son of Alfred Schmidt in the service of Hudson's Bay Company, by Marguerite L’Esperance, daughter of Alexis L’Esperance, he was educated at the Collége de Saint-Boniface and then sent (with Louis Riel and Daniel MacDougall) to Quebec for further education.

Schmidt attended the College de Saint-Hyacinthe and returned to Red River in 1861. He was one of the members for St. Boniface at the Grand Convention held 25 January 1870 to take into consideration the admission of the Colony of Assiniboia as a Province in the Dominion of Canada. He was Secretary to the first Provisional Government organized in the Colony in 1869 and Under-Secretary to the second Provisional Government organized after the Grand Convention in 1870. He served as a member of the committee of six which prepared the Bill of Rights debated by the convention. He served as French secretary to the convention and as secretary in the Provisional Government. He was acclaimed to the first Manitoba Assembly, in December 1870, defeated in the December 1874 general election, and elected in December 1878.

In 1872, he married Justine Laviolette (1853-1934), daughter of Charles Laviolette of St. Francois Xavier. He served as a director of the Provincial Industrial and Agricultural Society of Manitoba (1872), a member of the Managing Committee of the Association St. Jean Baptiste de Manitoba and of the Societe de Colonisation de Manitoba, a School Trustee for the School District of St. Boniface West, and a License Commissioner for the Province of Manitoba. Moving to St. Louis, North West Territories (now Saskatchewan) in 1880, he held an appointment in the land office at Prince Albert, and he kept his distance from Louis Riel during the Rebellion of 1885.

He died at St. Louis, Saskatchewan on 6 November 1935. A typescript of his memoirs is at the Archives of Manitoba.


“Descendant of founder of Three Rivers dies in Sask.,” Winnipeg Tribune, 23 April 1934, page 10.

“Louis Schmidt, 91, pioneer of St. Louis, Sask., dies,” Winnipeg Free Press, 12 November 1935, page 6.

Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by John M. “Jack” Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

We thank Cheryl Kromm for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 17 September 2020

Memorable Manitobans

Memorable Manitobans

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