MHS Celebrates: Manitoba 150 in the Winnipeg Free Press: 150 History Bits
by Jim Ingebrigtsen
1. The Royal Winnipeg Ballet is Canada’s oldest and the longest continuously operating ballet company in North America and has performed on almost every continent on Earth.
2. Charles A. Lindbergh landed in Churchill for a brief stopover on his honeymoon flight to the Orient on August 2, 1931.
3. Fortune Street and Borebank Street were named after two prominent Winnipeggers lost during the sinking of the Titanic.
4. Brad Pitt, Renee Zellweger, Jennifer Lopez, Johnny Depp, Keanu Reeves, Harrison Ford and Russell Crowe are just a few of the many Hollywood stars who have shot movies in Manitoba.
5. More than 100 million people live within a 24-hour drive of Winnipeg.
6. Winnipeg was the first city in the world to develop an emergency number. (999 - now 911)
7. Souris lays claim to having the longest swinging footbridge in Canada at 184 metres.
8. The Northern Manitoba Trappers Festival is the province’s oldest winter festival. It began in 1916.
9. Lower Fort Garry was the first training base for the North West Mounted Police.
10. Manitoba has more curling clubs than Ontario and Quebec combined which is why we are called the “Curling Capital of the World”.
11. Launched in 1897, the S.S. Keenora is Manitoba’s oldest steamship and is a focal point of the Selkirk Marine Museum.
13. Melita is known as the “Grasslands Bird Capital of Manitoba”.
14. York Factory account books of 1714-15 listed the price of a gun at 13 prime beaver pelts.
15. A “mound” of land at Pilot Mound was a signal hill used by Assiniboine people and a landmark for explorers and settlers.
16. The oldest, still operating, mine in the province was founded in Flin Flon in 1927.
17. There are 101,592 square kilometres of inland waters (lakes and rivers) in Manitoba.
18. The largest variety of semi-precious stones in North America are found at the Souris Agate Pit.
19. The first newspaper in Manitoba was The Nor’Wester and was published in December 1859.
20. The Winnipeg Press Club, established in 1887, is the oldest press club in Canada and one of the oldest in the world.
21. The first-ever around-the-world broadcast originated from the second floor library of Government House in Winnipeg. His Majesty, King George VI, while visiting Winnipeg in May 1939, spoke to the Commonwealth about the darkening clouds of war gathering over Europe.
22. The La Salle River was originally called the Stinking River.
23. The Red River is 885 kilometres long. The Assiniboine River is 1070 kilometres long.
24. Professor Kenrick of St. John’s College was the first person in Manitoba to own a car (1901).
25. The first Mercedes Benz dealership in Winnipeg was established by a woman, Erna Hartman, in 1955.
26. Winnipeg got its first streetlight in 1873.
27. Mennonites were the first large group of non-Anglophone Europeans to arrive in Manitoba (1874). Icelanders came in 1875 and Ukrainians in 1892.
28. There are 11 washrooms in Government House.
29. There are 128 kilometres of waterways running within Winnipeg’s city limits.
30. Winnipeg’s Le Cercle Molière is Canada’s oldest active theatre and has been in continuous operation since 1925.
31. The first major curling bonspiel in Canada occurred in Manitoba in 1859.
32. There are more than 30 bridges in Winnipeg.
33. There are about 55 ethnic / cultural groups in Manitoba.
34. William “Billy” Barker, VC, First World War pilot from Dauphin is, to this day, the most decorated serviceman in Canadian history.
36. Lake Winnipeg is the 12th largest lake in the world.
37. The green garbage bag was invented in Winnipeg in 1950 by Harry Wasylyk.
38. Charles Thorson, who grew up in Gimli, was the creator of many animated characters including Snow White and Bugs Bunny. He also created Punkinhead in 1947, the sad little bear for the T. Eaton Company and Elmer the Safety Elephant.
39. The longitudinal centre of Canada is approximately 10 kilometres east of Deacon’s Corner on the Trans-Canada Highway.
40. The Assiniboine Park Zoo will celebrate its 100th anniversary in 2024.
41. The “boler” trailer was invented in in 1968 by Ray Olecko and although long out of production, it has become a cult classic for campers all over North America.
43. Winnipeg-born comedian, actor, write and director David Steinberg appeared on the Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson 140 times, second only to Bob Hope.
44. Hans Krause from Winnipeg invented the Command Start to start your vehicle remotely on those cold winter mornings.
45. The Winnipeg Art Gallery is home to the world’s largest collection of contemporary Inuit art.
47. Rainbow Stage in Kildonan Park is Canada’s oldest continuously operating outdoor theatre.
48. The Royal Canadian Mint in Winnipeg produces coins for more than 70 countries around the world.
49. The Golden Boy atop the Legislative Building stands for two distinct things - Equality for All and Freedom Forever.
50. The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour and Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour, two of the most successful TV programs in the late ‘60s and early ‘70s were produced by Winnipeg’s Allan Blye.
51. Winnipeg’s Union Station was designed by the same architects responsible for New York’s Grand Central Station.
52. People have been meeting at the Forks of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers for more than 6000 years.
53. Winnipeg was the first Canadian home of Coca Cola. The first plant opened in 1905 and was the Canadian headquarters until 1923. Overwhelming sales in the 1910s kept the local operation so busy it outpaced the company’s U.S. bottling plants.
54. Norman Breaky was born in Pierson in 1891. He lived in Toronto in 1940 when he invented the paint roller.
55. The wife of writer and activist William F. Buckley, Patricia, was the granddaughter of Edward Elliott, the Chief of the Manitoba Provincial Police.
56. St. Boniface lays claim to the home of legendary Canadian author Gabrielle Roy, who wrote The Tin Flute which won the Literary Guild award for North America, among other awards. Her family home is now a museum located at 375 Deschambault Street.
57. Winnipeg city councilor Albert E. Bennett organized the first air cadet corps in Canada, in 1938. He was also involved in the development of the Disraeli Freeway and implementation of the 999 emergency telephone number in Winnipeg.
58. The first Manitoba newspaper in a language other than English or French was handwritten by Icelandic Immigrants in 1876.
59. Manitoba has the highest per capita ownership of cottages in Canada at close to 40,000.
60. The shoreline of Lake Winnipeg is 1,750 kilometres long.
61. Manitoba has 92 provincial parks covering four million incredible hectares.
62. Top five most common languages, other than English and French, spoken at home in Manitoba are: Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) - 58,919, German - 47,410, Punjabi (Panjabi) - 20,400, Cree (not otherwise specified) - 17,340 and Spanish - 11,965.
63. Thomas Garnet “Gar” Gillies invented the Garnet-Herzog preamp, a six-channel mixer associated with songs such as The Guess Who’s American Woman.
65. In 1875, Winnipeg Police Chief John Ingram was forced to resign his post when he was found patronizing a local brothel.
66. On 27 October 1903, Sandy Waddell caught Manitoba’s biggest sturgeon. It weighed 406 pounds and measured 15½ feet long and was aged at 150 years old. It was caught in the Roseau River east of Dominion City.
67. The three leading species of fish harvested in Lake Winnipeg are Pickerel (Walleye), Lake Whitefish, and Northern Pike.
68. The Portage la Prairie Mutual Insurance Company was founded in 1884, the first in Manitoba.
69. Edith Rogers (1876-1947) was the first woman to serve as an MLA representing Winnipeg starting in 1920.
70. Rosser Avenue in Brandon is named after Thomas Lafayette Rosser. Before serving as Chief Engineer for the Canadian Pacific Railway, he was a General for the Confederate Army in the American Civil War.
71. In 1919, Earl Grey School was established as the first Junior High School in Canada.
72. Famous actor Richard Burton was a flight instructor at Carberry during the Second World War.
74. Irving Robbins of Baskin-Robbins ice cream fame was born in Winnipeg in 1917.
76. The Union Stockyards in St. Boniface was once the site of the largest operation of its kind in the British Empire.
77. The first First Nations woman elected to the Manitoba Legislature was Amanda Lathlin (2015).
78. The first woman to work as a physician in Manitoba was Charlotte Whitehead Ross (1881).
79. Louis Slotin, who grew up in Winnipeg’s North End, worked as a physicist and chemist on the Manhattan Project in 1946 in Los Alamos, New Mexico. He died when he threw himself on a fission reaction which saved the lives of seven other scientists.
80. Harlequin Enterprises was founded by Richard H. G. Bonnycastle of Winnipeg in 1949 and went on to become the world’s largest publisher of romantic fiction and is printed in more than 25 languages.
81. Dickie Dee was founded by the Barish family of Winnipeg in 1959 and grew to become one of the largest ice cream vending companies in North America.
82. Sir William Stephenson was raised in North Point Douglas. He went on to become, among many other notable things, a master spy and was the inspiration for Ian Fleming’s James Bond.
84. The first golf course in Winnipeg was the Winnipeg Golf Club. It opened in July of 1894 with 73 members, one third of whom were women.
85. Clara Hughes is the only athlete to have won medals in both the Olympic Summer Games and Olympic Winter Games.
86. Manitoba has the largest population of people of Icelandic origin outside of Iceland.
87. The Winnipeg Falcons were the first hockey team to win an Olympic gold medal at the 1920 Games.
88. Susan Thompson was the first woman to serve as Mayor of Winnipeg serving two terms from 1992 to 1998.
89. Winnipeg-born Billy Mosienko, while playing for the Chicago Blackhawks, scored three goals in 21 seconds in 1952. The record stands today.
92. In 1971, Jean Folster of Norway House became the first woman Chief in Manitoba.
93. Manitoba was the first province in Canada to give women the right to vote, in 1916, and run in provincial elections.
94. In 1984, Sharon Carstairs, a Liberal, became the first female leader of a Manitoba political party.
95. Pearl McGonigal became the first woman Lieutenant Governor in Manitoba in 1981.
96. Manitoba’s first official law enforcement body was formed in 1870. It included 10 local men and 10 soldiers from the 2nd Quebec Rifles. They were the Mounted Constabulary Force.
97. The federal penitentiary Stony Mountain was built between 1876 and 1877.
98. In 1930, the Winnipeg Police Force introduced Canada’s first radio-equipped patrol cars.
99. In 1952, Henry Malanik, who was convicted of murdering a Winnipeg police officer, was the last person hanged in Manitoba.
100. The Red River Floodway is often referred to as “Duff’s Ditch” after Premier Duff Roblin, who championed its construction as opposition leader despite its massive cost. Winnipeg suffered more than $500 million in damages in the 1950 flood (about 4.2 billion in 2020 dollars), but critics argued against the need for the $72-million, 47-kilometer-long insurance policy that diverts floodwater into Lake Winnipeg that opened in 1966. The “ditch” has proven its worth several times since, and the name became of affection and respect.
101. The world’s largest statue of a mosquito is in Komarno, which is Ukrainian for “place of mosquitos”.
102. The 1950 flood caused the evacuation of 100,000 people. It was the largest such undertaking in Canadian history.
103. Winnipeg-born Edna Mae “Deanna” Durbin moved to Los Angeles with her parents and eventually became the highest-paid actress in the world well into the 1940s.
104. Groucho Marx saw Charlie Chaplin for the first time while on the vaudeville circuit at the Orpheum Theatre on Fort Street in Winnipeg.
105. Douglas Rain was born in Winnipeg in 1928. He starred in many roles at the Manitoba Theatre Centre but, is best known as the voice of HAL in Stanley Kubrick’s film 2001: A Space Odyssey as well as the sequel 2010.
106. ‘Hansard’ is the official transcript of the Manitoba Legislature and was introduced by Premier Duff Roblin in 1958.
108. The Town of Emerson was named after writer Ralph Waldo Emerson.
110. Victor McLaglen won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1935 but first gained public attention as a boxer and wrestler in Winnipeg.
113. Martin Cooper, who grew up in Winnipeg’s North End, is credited with creating the first mobile phone. His inspiration, he has said, was Dick Tracy’s wrist radio.
114. Beginning in the late 1800s, the area of Logan Avenue off Main Street was often called Little Sweden because of the large number of Swedish immigrants who found a new home in that part of Winnipeg. It was also affectionately called Snus (Snuf) Boulevard.
115. Yvonne Brill was an aerospace engineer and rocket scientist who invented a fuel efficient rocket thruster that keeps satellites in orbit today. She was born Winnipeg in 1924.
116. Winnipeg is on a similar latitude as Paris, France and a similar longitude as Dallas, Texas.
117. Dr. Frank Gunston was born in Flin Flon in 1933. He invented the first artificial knee. It remains the model for all knee joint replacements today.
118. In 1911, 24-year-old Harold Kalenze of Brandon patented the first snowmobile-type vehicle.
119. To protect the provincial dairy industry, the sale of margarine in Manitoba was banned until 1949.
120. Len Smith from Churchill invented the Tundra Buggy which has allowed hundreds of thousands of tourists from around the world to see polar bears both up close and safely.
121. Phillip James Edwin (Jim) Peebles was born in St. Boniface in 1935. Among his many achievements in the world of astrophysics, he is known for his contributions to what is referred to as “The Big Bang Theory”. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2019.
122. The Narcisse Snake Dens are large pits near Inwood that are the largest known concentration of red-sided garter snakes the world. At one time they numbered 70,000 but now the population is down to about 10,000.
123. Churchill is one of the best locations in the world to see Beluga Whales. They migrate to the area around the mouth of the Churchill River to have their young before heading to the Arctic Ocean. They have numbered more than 1200 at one time.
124. St. Laurent is thought to have the largest concentration of Metis in North America. It is one of the few remaining places where the Michif language is still spoken.
127. Among his many achievements, Dean Gunnarson set two Guinness World Records escaping from handcuffs, chains, and a straitjacket.
128. A&W was the first ‘quick service restaurant’ to locate in Canada. It opened on Portage Avenue in Winnipeg in 1956.
129. In 1956, Stephen Juba became the first non-Anglo-Saxon mayor of Winnipeg.
130. Churchill is Manitoba’s oldest community and was named after John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough.
131. The International Brotherhood of Magicians was founded by Len Vintus from Winnipeg in 1922. It is the largest magic organization in the world with approximately 15,000 members worldwide.
132. The original name of Wawanesa was Sipewiski but it was changed because temperance crusaders thought it sounded like “sip of whisky”.
133. Real estate developer Arthur Wellington Ross (1846-1901) named several Winnipeg streets either for himself or family members. They include Arthur and Jessie Streets and Wellington Crescent. Ross Street was named for the historian Alexander Ross.
134. It was long rumored that the Arlington Street Bridge was originally built to span the Nile River in Egypt. This was later debunked.
135. The largest collection of Ukrainian-language books outside of the Ukraine is housed in the Oseredok Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Centre in Winnipeg.
136. Winnipeg’s river boats were the first in Canada, in the 1960s to hire female captains.
137. Carpathia Road in River Heights was named after the ocean liner that came to the rescue of the Titanic in 1912.
138. In 2006, Winnipeg speed skater Cindy Klassen became the first Canadian to win five medals in one Olympic Games.
140. Marie-Anne Gaboury was born near Trois-Rivieres, Quebec in 1780. She accompanied her husband, Jean-Baptiste Lagimodiere to Fort Gibraltar and was considered to be the first white woman to live in the West. She became Louis Riel’s grandmother.
141. Winnipeg has the sunniest winter season with about 358 hours of sunshine and overall 316 sunny days per year.
142. Manito Ahbee is the largest Pow Wow in Canada and the second largest in North America.
143. The Canadian Museum of Human Rights is the first national museum built outside of Canada’s capital region.
144. Paul Faraci invented Pizza Pops in Winnipeg in 1964.
145. By population, in essence, the University of Manitoba is the third-largest city in Manitoba with just over 30,000 students.
146. Winnipeg-born Oscar Brand hosted a weekly folk music show on WNYC in New York City which is credited as the longest-running radio program with only one host in broadcasting history.
149. In 1921, 41% of Canada’s Ukrainian population lived in Manitoba.
150. The Manitoba Historical Society was created in 1879 and is the oldest organization in western Canada devoted to the promotion of public interest in, and preservation of, the region’s historical resources.
Page revised: 3 August 2020