This two-storey brick and stone building in Winnipeg occupies an entire block bounded by Lily Street on the west, Galt Avenue on the north, Alexander Avenue on the south, and Waterfront Drive on the east. Designed by local architect John Woodman, it was built for the T. Eaton Company in two stages, the easternmost part between April and September 1926 by John Gunn and Sons, and the remainder between June and November 1927 by Claydon Brothers Company. The older portion housed a printing plant while a track warehouse occupied the newer part. It houses 278,709 square metres of interior space.
The entire building rests on a raised concrete foundation and structural support system of reinforced concrete. Its design used the Turner four-way flat-plate slab and mushroom column system or “Spiral Mushroom System”. It was developed in 1909 and originally patented in 1911 by Claude Allen Porter Turner (1869-1955), bridge engineer and reinforced concrete pioneer. The system made for extremely thin floors which reduced the amount of concrete needed, made mechanical and electrical installations easier because of the lack of beams and joists, and reduced construction time and therefore labour costs because formwork for the beams was unnecessary. The building is topped with an interrupted band of limestone followed by the polychromatic solid brick walls of the superstructure rising above them. It is an early local example of the Art Deco Style, popular in North America from the late 1920s to the 1940s, which emphasized smooth façades, hard edges and low-relief ornamentation, often a series of repeating geometric forms around windows, doors and along the roofline.
The building was owned by Eaton's until 1969 when it was sold to J. K. May Investments Limited (Scott-Bathgate Limited). Other tenant have included Pennings Engraving (1970), Speers McGonigal Limited (1970), Cambrian Clothing Company (1970-2000), and W. H. Escott Company, grocery brokers (1990-present). Both Scott-Bathgate and tenant, W. H. Escott Company use the facility for manufacturing, warehousing and shipping, and the building continues to function much as it has since its construction.
The building appears to be in good structural condition for its age. It has seen some alteration, with basement windows filled in with concrete blocks on the east and south sides, and covered loading docks are on the north side. With many of the windows and doors still intact, the building looks very much like it did originally.
Former Eatons Warehouse (April 2017)
Source: George Penner
North side of the building with loading area and 1983 covered docks (September 2019)
Source: Rose Kuzina
South facade with engraved E above door (September 2019)
Source: Rose Kuzina
Site Coordinates (lat/long): N49.90035, W97.13153
denoted by symbol on the map above
Manitoba Business: Claydon Brothers Construction Company / Claydon Construction Limited
Manitoba Business: T. Eaton Company
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Eaton’s Department Store (345 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Eaton’s Power House Building (260 Hargrave Street, Winnipeg)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Eaton’s Mail Order and Catalogue Building / City Place Building (333 St. Mary Avenue, Winnipeg)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Timothy Eaton Statue (345 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Eaton’s Employee War Memorial (345 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Eaton’s Printing Plant and Warehouse (130 Galt Avenue, Winnipeg)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Polo Park Racetrack / Polo Park Shopping Centre (1485 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Ramsay-Wright Building / Eaton’s Department Store (Main Street North, Dauphin)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Emerson Customs Building / Emerson Hospital (26 Main Street, Emerson, Municipality of Emerson-Franklin)
Manitoba Organization: Eaton Curling Club
A Store Like No Other: Eaton’s of Winnipeg by Russ Gourluck, Winnipeg: Great Plains Publications, 2004.
T. Eaton Company Printing Plant & Track Warehouse, City of Winnipeg Historical Buildings & Resources Committee, March 2017.
We thank Murray Peterson for providing information used here.
Page revised: 20 May 2022
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