Historic Sites of Manitoba: Harazd School No. 1631 / Solway School No. 1631 School (RM of Stuartburn)

The Harazd School District was established formally in June 1912, though it remained inactive for the first few years. Classes began at temporary quarters in March 1916 and, following a decision of nine in favour to none opposed (out of a possible 59 ratepayers), a one-classroom schoolhouse was built. To help finance the decision, $1,600 in debentures were issued in September 1916. The schoolhouse was built by George Mihaychuk and George Eliuk on land acquired at NE14-1-9E in Rural Municipality of Stuartburn. A 12 by 20 feet teacherage was also built and furnished in 1917, financed with the aid of a $350 debenture in May of that year. The district was renamed from Harazd to Solway just after the First World War, some time between December 1918 and June 1919.

The school operated at this location until 1 May 1921 when it, and presumably the teacherage, was relocated to NE11-1-8E. In April 1961, the district became part of the Boundary School Division and the school closed in 1964.

The teachers of Harazd School / Solway School were Michael [W?] J. Mihaychuk (Spring 1916 - Spring 1917), Michael John Kozier (October 1917 - July 1919), Charles Foulsham Laine (Fall 1919 - Spring 1920, & Spring 1921), Amelia Magdaline Laine (Fall 1920 - Spring 1921) George Ernest? Robins (Fall 1921), George W. Vesey (Spring 1922 - Spring 1923), ? (Fall 1923), Burton Whitmore (Spring 1924 - Spring 1925), Mrs. Jules Boux (Fall 1925 - Spring 1926), Mrs. B. C. Brown (Spring 1926), Mrs. A. Grace Campbell (Fall 1926 - Spring 1927), Etta J. White (Fall 1927 - Spring 1928), William G. Davidson (Fall 1928 - Spring 1929), Mrs. A. Henry (Fall 1929 - Spring 1930), Loretta V. Orr (Fall 1930 - Spring 1932, wife of Clarence Orr), Jean Railton (Fall 1932 - Spring 1933), Anne Altman (Fall 1933 - Spring 1934), Ruth A. Harris (Fall 1934 - Spring 1935), Charles Joseph Salinos (Fall 1935 - Spring 1938), William Jerowsky (Fall 1938 - Spring 1943 & Fall 1944 - Spring 1946), Helen Theresa Kuriatkoski? (Fall 1943 - Spring 1944), Livia Sylvia Orpchak (Fall 1946 - Spring 1947), Mary Phyllis Swanky (Fall 1947 - Spring 1948), Genevieve Chorney (Fall 1948 - Spring 1949), Helen J. Burdeny (Fall 1949 - Spring 1955), Amel Walter Kostynyk (Fall 1955 - Spring 1956), Stanley Gerus (Fall 1956 - Spring 1957), John Chobotar (Fall 1957 - Spring 1959), Joyce Kostynyk (August 1959), Rudolph “Rudy” Pankewich [Pankievich?] (September 1959 - June 1960), Ethel Kathleen Turner (Fall 1960 - Spring 1961), Mryon J. Yakimischak (Fall 1961 - Spring 1962), Edward Felix Goletski (Fall 1962 - Spring 1963), and Olga Melnychuk (Fall 1963 - Spring 1964).

Photos & Coordinates

Teacher and children of Harazd School

Teacher and children of Harazd School (1917)
Source: Archives of Manitoba, Mihaychuk family collection,
PR1975-190, C156-33 [Mihaychuk, Andrew 33].

Site Coordinates (lat/long): N49.02691, W96.40525
denoted by symbol on the map above


One Hundred Years in the History of the Rural Schools of Manitoba: Their Formation, Reorganization and Dissolution (1871-1971) by Mary B. Perfect, MEd thesis, University of Manitoba, April 1978.

Manitoba School Records Collection, Solway School District No. 1631 - Daily Registers, GR2088, Archives of Manitoba.

Manitoba School Records Collection, Solway School District No. 1631 - Ledgers, GR2088, Archives of Manitoba.

Manitoba School Records Collection, Solway School District No. 1631 - Minutes, GR2088, Archives of Manitoba.

Summative half-yearly returns for school districts (A 0051), GR0571, Archives of Manitoba.

Corporate Security registered documents (ATG 0089), #17 School District of Harazd, GR12576, Archives of Manitoba.

Corporate Security registered documents (ATG 0089), #20 School District of Harazd, GR12576, Archives of Manitoba.

School division and school district formation files (E 0027), Harazd/Solway School District No. 1631, GR1688, Archives of Manitoba.

Departmentally appointed school trustee files (E 0034), Solway School District #1631, GR1630, Archives of Manitoba.

Trustee records regarding geographically remote schools directly administered by Department (E 0166), File 1631 - Solway - Permanent, GR1206, Archives of Manitoba.

School division half-yearly attendance reports (E 0757), Archives of Manitoba.

Rural Municipality of Stuartburn fonds (ZZ 0066), Rural Municipality of Stuartburn Assessment Roll - Solway School District No. 1631, GR11574, Archives of Manitoba.

“Arbakka - Schools established [Harazd School -- Solway School],” Steinbach Carillon News, 7 September 1967, Centennial Edition Section 4, page 3.

Community and Frontier: A Ukrainian Settlement in the Canadian Parkland by John C. Lehr, University of Manitoba Press, 2011.

We thank Ken Kozier for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Nathan Kramer.

Page revised: 19 September 2023

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